have

have
haveUsage note : have ,
A vtr (uses not covered in NOTE)
1 (possess) avoir ; she has a dog elle a un chien ;
2 (consume) prendre ; to have a sandwich manger un sandwich ; to have a whisky boire un whisky ; to have a cigarette fumer une cigarette ; to have breakfast prendre le petit déjeuner ; to have dinner dîner ; to have lunch déjeuner ; he had a sandwich for lunch il a mangé un sandwich au déjeuner ; I had some more cake j'ai repris du gâteau ;
3 (want) vouloir, prendre ; I'll have tea please je voudrais du thé s'il vous plaît ; what will you have? qu'est-ce que vous prendrez or voulez? ; she won't have him back elle ne veut plus de lui ; I offered her £5, but she wouldn't have it je lui ai offert cinq livres sterling, mais elle les a refusées ; I wouldn't have it any other way ça me convient comme ça ; I wouldn't have him/her any other way c'est comme ça que je l'aime ;
4 (receive, get) recevoir [letter, parcel, information] ; I've had no news from him je n'ai pas eu de nouvelles de lui ; I must have the information/some money soon il me faut l'information/de l'argent bientôt ; I must have the document by 4 o'clock il faut que j'aie le document avant 4 heures ; to let sb have sth donner qch à qn ;
5 (hold) faire [party, celebration] ; tenir [meeting] ; organiser [competition, ballot, exhibition] ; avoir [conversation] ; célébrer [church service] ; mener [enquiry] ; passer [interview] ;
6 (exert, exhibit) avoir [effect, influence] ; avoir [courage, nerve, impudence, courtesy] (to do de faire) ;
7 (spend) passer ; to have a nice day/evening passer une journée/soirée agréable ; to have a good time bien s'amuser ; to have a hard ou bad time avoir des moments difficiles ; to have a good vacation/a day at the beach passer de bonnes vacances/une journée à la plage ;
8 (be provided with) (also have got) to have sth to do avoir qch à faire ; I have ou I've got some clothes to wash j'ai des vêtements à laver ; I have ou I've got letters to write j'au du courrier à faire ; I have ou I've got a lot of work to do j'ai beaucoup de travail ;
9 (undergo, suffer) avoir ; to have (the) flu/measles avoir la grippe/la rougeole ; to have (a) toothache/a headache avoir mal aux dents/mal à la tête ; to have an accident/a heart attack avoir un accident/une crise cardiaque ; to have a shock subir un choc ; he had his car/watch stolen il s'est fait voler sa voiture/montre, on lui a volé sa voiture/montre ; she has had her windows broken on lui a cassé ses fenêtres ; they like having stories read to them ils aiment qu'on leur lise des histoires ; I have ou I've got a student coming in five minutes j'ai un élève qui arrive dans cinq minutes ;
10 (cause to be done) to have sth done faire faire qch ; to have the house painted/the washing-machine installed faire peindre la maison/installer la machine à laver ; to have one's hair cut se faire couper les cheveux ; to have an injection/a dental check-up/a manicure se faire faire une piqûre/un contrôle des dents/une manucure ; to have sb do sth faire faire qch à qn ; she had him close the door/wait in the corridor elle lui a fait fermer la porte/attendre dans le couloir ; they would have us believe that ils voudraient nous faire croire que ; I would have you know/say that je voudrais que vous sachiez/disiez que ; to have sb doing faire faire qn ; he had them laughing/crying il les a fait rire/pleurer ; she had them digging the garden/writing poetry elle leur a fait bêcher le jardin/écrire des poèmes ;
11 (cause to become) he had his revolver/camera ready il avait son revolver/appareil photo prêt ; we'll soon have everything ready/clean nous aurons bientôt fini de tout préparer/nettoyer ; she had the car in pieces in the garage elle avait démonté la voiture dans le garage ; if you're not careful you'll have that table/that glass over si tu ne fais pas attention tu vas renverser la table/le verre ; she had them completely baffled elle les a complètement déroutés ; I had it finished by 5 o'clock je l'avais fini avant 5 heures ;
12 (allow) (gén au négatif) tolérer ; I won't have this kind of behaviour! je ne tolérerai pas ce comportement! ; I won't have it! ça ne va pas se passer comme ça! ; I won't have this any more! je n'en supporterai pas davantage! ; I won't have them exploit him je ne tolérerai pas qu'ils l'exploitent ; I won't have him hurt je ne laisserai personne le blesser ; we can't have them staying in a hotel on ne peut pas les laisser aller à l'hôtel ;
13 (physically hold) tenir ; she had the glass in her hand elle tenait le verre dans la main ; she had him by the throat/by the arm elle le tenait à la gorge/par le bras ; he had his hands over his eyes il avait les mains sur les yeux ; to have one's back to sb tourner le dos à qn ;
14 (give birth to) [woman] avoir [child] ; [animal] mettre bas, avoir [young] ; has she had it yet? est-ce qu'elle a accouché? ; she's having a baby (in May) elle va avoir un enfant (en mai) ;
15 (as impersonal verb) over here, we have a painting by Picasso ici vous avez un tableau de Picasso ; what we have here is a small group of extremists ce à quoi nous avons affaire ici, est un petit groupe d'extrémistes ; on the one hand you have the victims of crime and on the other… d'un côté il y a les victimes des crimes, et de l'autre… ;
16 (puzzle) (also have got) you have ou you've got me there! là tu me poses une colle! ;
17 (have at one's mercy) (also have got) I've got you/him now! maintenant je te/le tiens! ; I'll have you! je vais te montrer! ;
18 (have sex with) se faire [person].
B modal aux
1 (must) I have to leave now je dois partir maintenant, il faut que je parte maintenant ;
2 (need to) you don't have to ou you haven't got to leave so early tu n'as pas besoin de or tu n'es pas obligé de partir si tôt ; why did this have to happen? pourquoi fallait-il que ça arrive? ; did you have to spend so much money? tu avais vraiment besoin de dépenser autant d'argent?, est-ce qu'il fallait vraiment que tu dépenses autant d'argent? ; something had to be done il fallait faire quelque chose ;
3 (for emphasis) this has to be the most difficult decision I've ever made c'est sans doute la décision la plus difficile que j'aie jamais eu à prendre.
C aux
1 gen avoir ; (with movement and reflexive verbs) être ; she has lost her bag elle a perdu son sac ; she has already left/arrived elle est déjà partie/arrivée ; she has hurt herself elle s'est blessée ; she has washed her hands elle s'est lavé les mains ; have you seen her? l'as-tu vue?, est-ce que tu l'as vue? ; we haven't lost them nous ne les avons pas perdus ;
2 (in tag questions etc) you've seen the film, haven't you? tu as vu le film, n'est-ce pas? ; you haven't seen the film, have you? tu n'as pas vu le film? ; you haven't seen my bag, have you? tu n'as pas vu mon sac, par hasard? ; ‘he's already left’-‘has he indeed!’ ‘il est déjà parti’-‘vraiment!’ ; ‘you've never met him’-‘yes I have!’ ‘tu ne l'as jamais rencontré’-‘mais si!’
D having aux
1 (in time clauses) having finished his breakfast, he went out après avoir fini son petit déjeuner, il est sorti ; having said he'd be there early, he arrived late après avoir dit or alors qu'il avait dit qu'il viendrait tôt, il est arrivé en retard ;
2 (because, since) having already won twice, he's a great favourite comme il a déjà gagné deux fois, c'est un grand favori ; having lost money before, he was reluctant to invest in a new project ayant déjà perdu de l'argent or comme il avait déjà perdu de l'argent, il hésitait à investir dans un nouveau projet.
Idioms
to have done with sth en finir avec qch ; this car/TV has had it cette voiture/télé est foutue ; when your father finds out, you've had it ! (in trouble) quand ton père saura, ça va être ta fête ! ; I can't do any more, I've had it ! (tired) je n'en peux plus, je suis crevé ! ; I've had it (up to here) j'en ai marre ; I've had it (up to here) with him/my job j'en ai marre de ce type/mon travail ; to have it in for sb avoir qn dans le collimateur ; she has/doesn't have it in her to do elle est capable/incapable de faire ; he will have it that il soutient que ; he won't have it that il n'admet pas que ; I've got it! je sais! ; let's be having you! hum à nous deux! ; and the ayes/noes have it les oui/non l'emportent, les voix pour/contre l'emportent ; to have it off ou away with sb GB s'envoyer en l'air avec qn ; the haves and the have-nots les riches et les pauvres ; …and what have you …etc ; there is no milk/there are no houses to be had on ne trouve pas de lait/de maisons ; are there any more to be had? est- ce qu'on en trouve encore? ; these are the best spectacles to be had ce sont les meilleures lunettes qu'on puisse trouver.
Phrasal verbs
have around US = have over, have round.
have back :
have [sth] back, have back [sth] (have returned) you can have it back tomorrow je te le rendrai demain ; when can I have my car/my money back? quand est-ce que tu me rends ma voiture/mon argent?
have down :
have [sb] down inviter [person] ; to have sb down for the weekend inviter qn à passer le weekend à la maison.
have in :
have [sb] in (also have got) faire venir [doctor, priest] ; faire entrer [employee, neighbour] ; we've got decorators in at the moment en ce moment nous avons des décorateurs à la maison.
have on :
have [sth] on, have on [sth] (also have got) (be wearing) porter [coat, skirt etc] ; to have nothing on ne rien avoir sur soi ;
have [sth] on (be busy doing) avoir [qch] de prévu ; have you got anything on this evening? avez-vous quelque chose de prévu ce soir? ; I've got a lot on next week j'ai beaucoup de choses prévues la semaine prochaine ;
have [sb] on (tease) faire marcher [person] ;
have sth on sb (have evidence about) avoir des preuves contre qn ; the police have got nothing on me la police n'a aucune preuve contre moi.
have out :
have [sth] out se faire enlever or arracher [tooth] ; to have one's appendix out se faire opérer de l'appendicite ; to have it out with sb s'expliquer avec qn.
have over, have round :
have [sb] over inviter [person] ; to have sb over for the evening inviter qn à passer la soirée chez soi.
have up :
to be had up être jugé (for pour).

Big English-French dictionary. 2003.

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